Role of therapeutic exercise to reduce the frequency of migraine headache

Migraine is one type of headache. People suffer from this type of headache are known about their sufferings. It causes severe throbbing pain usually on one side of the head. Symptoms are accompanied with nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
It last from 1 hour to few days and the pain can be so severe that it interferes with your daily activities.

Causes of migraine:

Though causes of migraine headache aren’t fully understood. Researchers says genetic and environmental factors appear to paly role.

Some factors trigger this problem including:

  • Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes in women before or during menstrual period, pregnancy and menopause.
  • Drinks: these include alcohol, too much caffeine, chess, chocolate soft drinks etc.
  • Stress: stress at workplace or at home can trigger your migraine.
  • Sleep change: missing sleep or too much sleep can also trigger your headache.
  • Medication: oral contraceptive pill (OCP) and vasodilator can aggravate migraine.


If you have migraine or family history of migraine, a doctor diagnoses your condition according to your medical history, symptom and a physical and neurological examination like MRI or CT scan.


Aim of treatment is to stopping symptom and reduces frequency of attack.

Exercise control your body from different ways  .it increase blood circulation  , increase activity of heart , control blood pressure , control diabetics mellitus as release natural pain killer endorphin and natural anti-depressent  encephalin.

There are some head and neck exercise that increase your blood circulation to the head and neck, reduce the frequency of migraine attack .some stretching exercise increase your flexibility of neck muscle, that allow you a pain free sleep as well as reduce the chance of migraine attack .on the other hand some mobilizing exercise helps you to keep your joint mobile and active your muscle.

Here I mention some easy form neck exercise that you can try this at your home.

Chin tuck exercise:

To perform this exercise follows the following step

  1. Sit or stand upright and look forward with ears directly over the shoulder.
  2. Place 2 finger (index and middle) of both hand over your chin .
  3. Without moving fingers, pull the chin and head straight back until a good stretch is felt at the base of your head and top of your neck.
  4. Hold this position for 5-10 second.
  5. Repeat 10 times in 1 set and perform 3-5 set in a day.

Stretching of neck :

  1. Stand or sit facing forward
  2. Bend your neck at right side and give a over pressure form left side with your right hand.
  3. Hold for 5-10 second
  4. Doing same thing at left side also.
  5. Then look at your right knee and bend your neck towards the right knee and now give a over pressure with your right hand .
  6. Hold for 5-10 second
  7. Do same thing at looking at left knee
  8. Now try to close your chin to your chest and pull down your head with your both hand from back.

Isometric neck strengthening exercise:

  1. Stand or sit relaxly.
  2. Place your  both hand at your  forehead
  3. Use your neck muscle to press into your hand
  4. Hold this position for 5-10 second
  5. Now place your right hand at your right ear and use neck muscle to press your head at your right hand.
  6. Do same thing at left side also.
  7. Repeat this exercise 3-5 times daily.

Some other form of aerobic exercise that you can do

  • Jogging
  • Swimming
  • Cycling
  • Brisk walking

N.B: Although some patients’ experience is that exercise triggers a migraine attack, increasing data from the research suggests that moderate regular exercise can be an effective way to reduce the frequency of attacks.

Reference: (Lockett DM and Campbell J F. The effects of aerobic exercise on migraine. Headache 1992; 32(1): 50-4.)

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